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Pyramids originated from simple rectangular "mastaba" tombs that were being constructed in Egypt over 5,000 years ago, according to finds made by archaeologist Sir Flinders Petrie.
One of the pyramids he constructed at the site of Dahshur is known today as the "bent pyramid" because the angle of the pyramid changes partway up, giving the structure a bent appearance.
Scholars generally regard the bent angle as being the result of a design flaw.
Another leap in pyramid-building techniques came during the reign of the pharaoh Snefru (reign started around 2575 B. Rather than constructing step pyramids, Snefru's architects developed methods to design smooth-faced, true pyramids.
It appears that Snefru's architects ran into trouble.
This town had sizable homes for high officials, a barracks complex that likely held troops and buildings where large numbers of clay seals (used in record keeping) were found.
The ordinary workers likely slept in simple dwellings near the pyramid site.
C.) was only slightly smaller than Khufu's but stood on higher ground.
Many scholars believe that the Sphinx monument, which lies near Khafre's pyramid, was built by Khafre, and that the face of the Sphinx was modeled after him.
The first, and largest, pyramid at Giza was built by the pharaoh Khufu (reign started around 2551 B. His pyramid, which today stands 455 feet (138 meters) tall, is known as the "Great Pyramid" and was considered to be a wonder of the world by ancient writers.
The pyramid of Khafre (reign started around 2520 B.