Part 1: On the Prejudices of Philosophers In this part, Nietzsche puts forward that our truths are often based not on objectivity, but on prejudice.
He also claims that we put an unfair bias towards truth over falsehood, when falsehood can be just as useful as truth.
Nietzsche then goes on to claim that modern society is inherently atheist, with the past ideas of .
He claims that Christianity forces man to reject work in favour of a leisure class lifestyle (something that is detrimental).
He asserted that humanity must rise "beyond good and evil" and regain respect for nobility and power if they were to excel.
Nietzsche wanted a social system with a "leader type", a genuinely superior ruling class, with slaves as its basis, at the opposite social extreme.
He then elaborates with examples such as the Stoics (forcing their truth onto nature) and Kantian thinking (a priori, which he argues does not exist, yet is necessary), claiming he uses nothing more than circular reasoning.
Finally, he criticizes Descartes' famous "I think therefore I am", claiming that it is not the "I" that is thinking, rather the thought itself.
It is so called because it is the lower class that created this morality system.
This system considered kindness, pity, compassion, and peace as the "good." Instead of being a product of affirmation, however, the distinction between "good" and "evil" is made out of a sense of revenge against the strength of the upper class.