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Constitution Defines the Fundamental Rights and Duties of Indian Citizens The fundamental rights and duties of the Indian citizens have clearly been defined in the Constitution of the country.
Parliament of India does not have the power to override the constitution. Many of the articles of the Constitution came into force at that time.
The Constitution was effectively enforced on 26 January 1950 which came to be known as the Indian Republic Day.
It was written by a drafting committee headed by Dr. The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India drafted by the Constituent Assembly, superior even to the Parliament, as it cannot over rides it.
The original Indian Constitution is hand written, calligraphed and also the lengthiest Constitution in the world.
These are the basic rights that all the citizens of the country are entitled to irrespective of their caste, colour, creed or religion.
Some of the fundamental duties of an Indian citizen are to respect the constitution, honour the national flag and national anthem, protect the unity, preserve the heritage of the country, protect the integrity and sovereignty of India, promote the spirit of brotherhood, have compassion for living creatures, strive for excellence, protect public property and contribute his/ her bit in maintaining peace. Ambedkar is referred to as the Father of the Indian Constitution.Special Drafting Committee for the Constitution of India The task of drafting the Constitution of India was that of great responsibility. It consisted of as many as 395 articles, 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of its enactment. After putting in immense efforts when the drafting committee presented the final draft of the Constitution of India, it was suggested to make several amendments.The Constituent Assembly set up a special drafting committee to further this work. The committee sat together to make more than 2000 amendments to get the Constitution approved.More than 2000 amendments had to be made in the Constitution of India in order to get it approved.It was adopted on 26th November 1949 and was enforced completely on 26 January is since then celebrated as the Republic Day.Various socio-political and economic aspects of the society were taken into consideration while drafting the Constitution.The drafting committee also referred to the Constitutions of various other counties including Britain, France and Japan to seek valuable inputs.The Prime Minister and the Union Council of Ministers have the power to take all the major decisions. The Constitution was approved after several amendments. These previous acts helped the committee understand the condition and requirement of the citizens of the country.The President of India, on the other hand, has nominal powers. Many amendments have also been done after the enforcement of the Constitution. A special committee was formed to draft the Constitution that gives a detailed account of the practices that are deemed lawful and those deemed unlawful and are punishable. With the enforcement of the Constitution, our country came to be known as the Republic of India. Our Constitution is thus often referred to as the bag of borrowings.The laws, codes, rights and duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution need to be followed strictly by the citizens of the country. Ambedkar headed the drafting committee formed to write the Constitution of India. He contributed immensely in the formation of the Constitution by giving several valuable inputs and thus came to be known as the chief architect of the Constitution of India. Constitution of India Replaced Government of India Act The Government of India Act, 1935 acted as the fundamental governing document of India until the formation of the Constitution of India.The decisions made in the parliament and Supreme Court of India are all based on the laws and codes defined in the Constitution of India. R Ambedkar – The Chief Architect of Indian Constitution Dr. There were six other members in the drafting committee which was formed by the Constituent Assembly of India. The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India in November 1949.