Developments In Transportation Essay

Developments In Transportation Essay-53
Roads: The English took upon the projects for finding cheap and easy means of transport both on land and in water.Steps were taken to improve the condition of the existing roads.Second, they also had to explore the fields of raw materials required for the growing British industries.

Roads: The English took upon the projects for finding cheap and easy means of transport both on land and in water.Steps were taken to improve the condition of the existing roads.Second, they also had to explore the fields of raw materials required for the growing British industries.

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The English realized that only a railway net work could meet their colonial needs.

Therefore, some Englishmen thought of introducing railways in India.

Before the British rule, Indian transport and communication system was backward in comparison to the Western countries.

There were no roads and no railway to connect distance places. The self-sufficient village economy was enough to meet the day to day needs of the people.

Later this road was extended up to Lahore and Peshawar.

To supervise and coordinate the construction works of roads, bridges, canals etc.By that time Kolkata was the capital of the British Empire.Works on this project started in 1839 to connect Kolkata with Delhi and it known as the Grand Trunk Road.Thus, the English had their own ideas about transport and communication.However, the need of the Company indirectly served for welfare of the Indian mase.For this reason, there was no compulsion to search for better transport and communication system.On land, bullock carts, pack-horses, donkeys, camels and even head loads comprised the means of transport.By establishing factories or trade centers on coast lines and river mouths, the English merchants carried on trade with nearby accessible territories.After the Battle of Plessey the Company utilized its political power to enhance the commercial activities.Third, in order to search new markets and fields of raw materials, they had to use power for territorial expansions.Wars and conquests needed smooth transport of army and war materials.

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