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Natural disaster is defined as “any event or force of nature that has catastrophic consequences, such as avalanche, earthquake, flood, forest fire, hurricane, lightning, tornado, tsunami, and volcanic eruption.” Many know that natural disasters occur because scientific reasons such as of “divergent weather patterns colliding, earth’s plate structure shifting, or because of an underwater earthquake.” While others believe God is the reason behind such disasters.
It may result in a wide range of aftermaths, however, only the most prominent ones of these will be examined including casualties caused by a disaster, public health crises and economic depression. 'The Threat of Communicable Diseases Following Natural Disasters: A Public Health Response' Disaster Management & Response 3(2), 41-47.
It is estimated that the 1976 Tangshan earthquake caused more than 750 thousand deaths, making it rank the first among all earthquakes in the 20th century (BBC, Year unknown, internet).
This figure indicates a correlation between population density and higher casualties.
Natural disasters happen all over the world, and they can be utterly devastating for people’s lives and the environments in which they live.
Although natural disasters are caused by nature and there is nothing that we can do to prevent them happening, there are many different natural causes that lead to natural disasters, and being aware of these causes enables us to be better prepared when such disasters do arrive.