Essay On Infant Mortality

The NICHD-led Safe to Sleep® campaign (formerly the Back to Sleep campaign) describes many ways that parents and caregivers can reduce the risk of SIDS and other sleep-related causes of infant death.Newborn screening can detect certain conditions that are not noticeable at the time of birth, but that can cause serious disability or even death if not treated quickly.Reaching a healthy weight, getting proper nutrition, managing chronic health conditions, and seeking help for substance use and abuse, for example, can help a woman achieve better health before she is pregnant.

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There are several things pregnant women can do to help reduce the risk of certain birth defects, such as getting enough folic acid before and during pregnancy to prevent neural tube defects.

Learn more about some risk factors for birth defects.

But in most cases, the cause for preterm birth is not known, so there are not always effective treatments or actions that can prevent a preterm delivery.

Researchers and health care providers are also working to understand the health challenges faced by infants born preterm or at a low birth weight as a way to develop treatments for these challenges.

Adequate prenatal care is essential to ensuring that full-term infants are born at a healthy weight.

There are some known risk factors for preterm birth—including having had a preterm birth with a previous pregnancy—and women with known risk factors may receive treatments to help reduce those risks.

Infants with these conditions may seem perfectly healthy and frequently come from families with no previous history of a condition.

To perform this screening, health care providers take a few drops of blood from an infant’s heel and apply them to special paper. If any conditions are detected, treatment can begin immediately.

By taking good care of her own health before and during pregnancy, a mother can reduce her baby’s risk of many of the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States, including birth defects, preterm birth, low birth weight, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and certain pregnancy complications.

Women don’t need to wait until they are pregnant to take steps to improve their health.


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