Essay On Uses And Abuses Of Nuclear Energy

Nuclear energy is the form of energy in which matter is converted to energy by the means of sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and electricity.Scientists have been able to harness that mechanism and successfully use it to generate power.

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The heat required to start the fusion reaction is so great that an atomic bomb is used to provide it and this type of reaction is carried out very carefully and by expert research scholars only.

In nuclear fusion reaction hydrogen nuclei are fused to form helium and in the process release huge amounts of energy thus producing a huge explosion which is carried out under is not conserved because some of the mass of the fusing nuclei is converted to photons which are released through a cycle.

The opposite is true for the reverse process, nuclear fission, fusion process generally occurs for lighter elements only, and on the other Nuclear power plants are the scope of future.

Today there are a lot of non-conventional energy sources being explored by the scientist. As day by day demand for energy is increasing, the energy sources are also being depleted side by side; hence a day will come when all the conventional sources would be extinguished.

In such a reaction, free neutrons released by each fission event can trigger yet more events, which in turn release more neutrons and cause more fission. The most common fission process is binary fission and produces two fission products.

Another type is ternary fission in which three products are formed but ternary is less common.

Presently, nuclear energy provides for approximately 16% of the world's electricity and about 6% of the world's energy.

The nuclear reactors that we have today work on the principle of nuclear fission.

Each and every process one has its own advantages and compromises related to their energy production process or in the form of byproducts which are being produced.

Nuclear power is a sustainable energy source that reduces carbon emissions and increases energy security by decreasing dependence on imported energy sources.


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