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These percentages were all within one point of the 1984 survey results. students spend less time on homework than students in other industrialized nations.
Since this exercise could be done at home, homework was viewed favorably.
During the 1940s, the emphasis in education shifted from drill to problem solving.
The American public worried that education lacked rigor and left children unprepared for complex technologies.
Homework, it was believed, could accelerate knowledge acquisition. Educators and parents became concerned that homework was crowding out social experience, outdoor recreation, and creative activities.
Homework fell out of favor because it was closely associated with the repetition of material.
English Creative Writing Classes - Homework Negative Effects
The launch of the satellite Sputnik by the Soviet Union in the mid-1950s reversed this thinking.
However, the practice has been alternately accepted and rejected by educators and parents.
When the twentieth century began, the mind was viewed as a muscle that could be strengthened through mental exercise.
About one-half of nine-year-olds, one-third of thirteen-year-olds, and one-quarter of seventeen-year-olds said they did less than an hour of homework each night.
In 1994 about 12 percent of nine-year-olds, 28 percent of thirteen-year-olds, and 26 percent of seventeen-year-olds said they did one to two hours of homework each night.