These discriminatory practices would eventually become solidly established as elements of the social structure.
Through the convergence of multiple elements and widespread struggle, the laws were eventually overturned.
"Whites Only" and "Colored" signs were constant reminders of the enforced racial order.
In legal theory, blacks received "separate but equal" treatment under the law — in actuality, public facilities for blacks were nearly always inferior to those for whites, when they existed at all.
"The very fact that there were separate facilities was to say to black people and white people that blacks were so subhuman and so inferior that we could not even use the public facilities that white people used." Transit was a core component of segregation in the South, as the 1947 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) pamphlet and Bayard Rustin song, "You Don't Have to Ride Jim Crow" attests.
Keeping whites and blacks from sitting together on a bus, train, or trolley car might seem insignificant, but it was one more link in a system of segregation that had to be defended at all times — lest it collapse.The segregation and disenfranchisement laws known as "Jim Crow" represented a formal, codified system of racial apartheid that dominated the American South for three quarters of a century beginning in the 1890s.The laws affected almost every aspect of daily life, mandating segregation of schools, parks, libraries, drinking fountains, restrooms, buses, trains, and restaurants.In addition, blacks were systematically denied the right to vote in most of the rural South through the selective application of literacy tests and other racially motivated criteria.The Jim Crow system was upheld by local government officials and reinforced by acts of terror perpetrated by Vigilantes.This essay examines the development and demise of Jim Crow laws.It is undeniable that these laws changed the landscape of the American society.The Jim Crow laws were a collection of state and local laws established around 1876 and which ended in the mid-1960s4.The laws required that Blacks be kept separate from Whites in public places (segregation).The Jump Jim Crow song was an elaborate ditty and became very popular.The song was celebrated within the White community as an accurate picture of the Black community.