Literature Review For Project

Literature Review For Project-67
What you must not do is just describe what one writer says, and then go on to give a general overview of another writer, and then another, and so on.Your structure should be dictated instead by topic areas, controversial issues or by questions to which there are varying approaches and theories.the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts.” …

What you must not do is just describe what one writer says, and then go on to give a general overview of another writer, and then another, and so on.Your structure should be dictated instead by topic areas, controversial issues or by questions to which there are varying approaches and theories.

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A good literature review needs a clear line of argument.

You therefore need to use the critical notes and comments you made whilst doing your reading to express an academic opinion.

In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by your research objective or by the issue or thesis you are arguing and will provide the framework for your further work.

It is very important to note that your review should not be simply a description of what others have published in the form of a set of summaries, but should take the form of a critical discussion, showing insight and an awareness of differing arguments, theories and approaches.

It should be a synthesis and analysis of the relevant published work, linked at all times to your own purpose and rationale.

According to Caulley (1992) of La Trobe University, the literature review should:• compare and contrast different authors’ views on an issue • group authors who draw similar conclusions • criticise aspects of methodology • note areas in which authors are in disagreement • highlight exemplary studies • highlight gaps in research • show how your study relates to previous studies • show how your study relates to the literature in general • conclude by summarising what the literature says• to define and limit the problem you are working on • to place your study in an historical perspective • to avoid unnecessary duplication • to evaluate promising research methods • to relate your findings to previous knowledge and suggest further research A good literature review, therefore, is critical of what has been written, identifies areas of controversy, raises questions and identifies areas which need further research.

Within each of these sections, you would then discuss what the different literature argues, remembering to link this to your own purpose. If you are grouping together writers with similar opinions, you would use words or phrases such as:similarly, in addition, also, again More importantly, if there is disagreement, you need to indicate clearly that you are aware of this by the use of linkers such as:however, on the other hand, conversely, nevertheless At the end of the review you should include a summary of what the literature implies, which again links to your hypothesis or main question. In many cases you will be given a booklist or directed towards areas of useful published work. With dissertations, and particularly theses, it will be more down to you to decide.

It is important, therefore, to try and decide on the parameters of your research.

Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.

Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.

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