Parsons Management Essay

The approach brought about the reduction of time wastages and resource wastage.It also made the management of organization to be more focused on its responsibilities and on the objectives of the organization.Both theories tried to proffer the best way to ensure that productivity is carried out in the work place In the weak of the Industrial revolution era, where steam engine and the creation of factories in the production of textiles and other product in the 18th century, the need to bring about increase in the effective rate of output and productivity led to the introduction of the Scientific management theory by Frederick W. The scientific management theory tend to see the workers of an organization like robotic machines that can be motivated only through the carrot and stick approach, i.e., they should be closely monitored and incentives given to them as form of motivation to make them produce more.

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Thus, the piece rate wage is envisaged by the scientific theory, where the workers earn according to its output; so as to avoid soldiering where time is wasted as pretence in workers.

According to Wertheim (2005), “Taylor attempted to make a science for each element of work and restrict behavioural alternatives facing worker .

Taylor looked at interaction of human characteristics, social environment, task and physical environment, capacity, speed, durability, and cost. The Hawthorne experiment came as a criticism to the Scientific school.

It have it that there are other factors that actually motivates workers in an organisation other than the economical and environmental condition of workplace.

The positive sides of the Human relation school have to do with its recognition of workers, individual and group needs.

Also, human resource is recognized as the most vital resource in the organization.The factory workers are given targets to be attained for a day’s work.Also, in financial institution like banks and insurance companies, targets are given to workers to attain.And division of labour and specialization are being practised.Though, the scientific approach is being practiced in a modified pattern.The best vehicle to its achieving was informal groups (rather than formal work teams), as they provided their members with the basic needs for communication and cooperation.” From the contribution of both schools to management practice, the classical approach and Mayo’s ideas are both conducted into finding the best way in which workers in an organization can be motivated so that they can increase the level of the organization productivity.Also, both theories recognizes the fact that the organization has set objectives, the effective way to achieving these objectives in the most efficient manner, where there is little wastages is what is being envisaged.On the negative side, the Classical approach failed to recognize the needs of the human resource in the organization; hence, they are dehumanised and conceived as a machine.Thus, more concentration is focused on the task to be attained rather than on the workers who perform the tasks.Also teamwork is essential for cooperation and sound technical decisions.From the positive angle associated with the classical school, we can decipher that the approach brought about a systematic pattern of carrying out functions in an organization; where there is specialization and division of work.


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