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He knew he must find a well-paying job and soon found himself more motivated than ever to do so.In 1882, Freud met Martha Bernays, a friend of his sister.He was the first child of Jacob and Amalia Freud and would be followed by two brothers and four sisters.
Sigmund Freud is best known as the creator of the therapeutic technique known as psychoanalysis.
The Austrian-born psychiatrist greatly contributed to the understanding of human psychology in areas such as the unconscious mind, sexuality, and dream interpretation.
The two were immediately attracted to one another and became engaged within months of meeting.
The engagement lasted four years, as Freud (still living in his parents' home) worked to make enough money to be able to marry and support Martha.
Charcot believed that most cases of hysteria originated in the patient's mind and should be treated as such.
He held public demonstrations, during which he would hypnotize patients (placing them into a trance) and induce their symptoms, one at a time, then remove them by suggestion.He sang the praises of the drug, which he administered to himself as a cure for headaches and anxiety.Freud shelved the study after numerous cases of addiction were reported by those using the drug medicinally.The family moved to Vienna in 1859, taking up residence in the only place they could afford -- the Leopoldstadt slum.Jacob and Amalia, however, had reason to hope for a better future for their children.Jacob set up business as a wool merchant but struggled to earn enough money to take care of his growing family.Jacob and Amalia raised their family as culturally Jewish, but were not especially religious in practice.Freud also sought that proof in his research, which involved the dissection and study of brains.He became knowledgeable enough to give lectures on brain anatomy to other physicians.In 1885, Freud traveled to Paris, having received a grant to study with pioneering neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot.The French physician had recently resurrected the use of hypnosis, made popular a century earlier by Dr. Charcot specialized in the treatment of patients with "hysteria," the catch-all name for an ailment with various symptoms, ranging from depression to seizures and paralysis, which mainly affected women.