who were to report on national systems of civilian firearm regulation every two years.
The provisions of this declaration recommend that the signatories would establish the illegal possession of small arms and light weapons as a criminal offence under national law in their respective countries.
Measures that prohibit people who committed a violent crime from owning a handgun are associated with an even larger reduction in homicide, 18 percent.
Conversely, requiring police to approve concealed-carry permits unless the applicant meets explicitly stated exclusion criteria—so-called “shall-issue” laws—are associated with a nearly 10 percent Four types of laws were associated with the suicide rate, but only two had statistically significant relationships with it after controlling for all 10: permitless carry laws and bans on junk guns (these laws prohibit the sale of handguns that fail to meet certain safety requirements).
The United States remains an outlier when it comes to gun control. gun deaths are suicides.) We covered an earlier study that found that states with higher rates of gun ownership had higher rates of teen suicide.
When Australia witnessed a mass shooting in 1996, it almost immediately enacted stricter gun-control measures, and saw faster falls in firearm deaths and suicides. Research by one of us (Richard) has found that states with stricter gun-control laws have fewer gun deaths.
And a meta-analysis of more than 130 studies across 10 nations found strong evidence of the same.
But this new study scrutinizes how different types of gun laws—alone and in combination—affect homicides and suicides.
The study concluded that both the United States and Yemen were distinct from the other countries surveyed in viewing firearm ownership as a basic right of civilians and in having more permissive regimes of civilian gun ownership.
At the international and regional level, diplomatic attention has tended to focus on the cross-border illegal trade in small arms as an area of particular concern rather than the regulation of civilian-held firearms.