Second Language Acquisition Essays

Second Language Acquisition Essays-45
Second Language Acquisition There is a very close relationship between second language acquisition and other areas of enquiry, and the fact that there are numerous ways in which to examine this issue means that the study of second language acquisition has its own goals.In addition, the study of the topic means that there must be presents its very own set of analytic tools and its own set of data collection methods.When input is comprehensible, students are able to understand the essence of what is being said or presented to them.

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It focuses on learning correct grammar and following the rules of target language.

The natural order hypothesis focuses on the idea that whatever the language one is trying to learn, there is a particular order with which that language learning progresses.

The monitor is a way of evaluating how well a student can communicate in the second language.

The input hypothesis is based on comprehensible input, when the language acquisition students receive can actually be understood by them.

The acquisition-learning hypothesis is, according to Stephen Krashen, one of the most fundamental, and it is also one of the more popular and widely recognized and acknowledged hypotheses.

It relates how, in a second language performance, there are two systems, namely, the acquired, and the learned.It bases itself on how people communicate among each other through real and meaningful activities.Learning, on the other hand, is the product of formal instruction.The 'monitor' hypothesis refers to the relationship already described, which is, between acquisition and learning, and explains the inordinate influence the latter exerts on the former.In this relationship, the monitoring function is carried out by the grammar of the language.In other words, these exists a deep relationship between the knowledge that is being taught by the teacher, and the process of the learning being accomplished.According to Stephen Krashen, "Language acquisition does not require extensive usage of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill." Krashen, of the University of Southern California, and an expert in the area of linguistics has studied and researched extensively, the topic of second language acquisition, and in his opinion, second language acquisition can be described in five hypotheses: the acquisition- learning hypothesis, the monitor hypothesis, the natural order hypothesis, the input hypothesis, and the affective-filter hypothesis.What this in essence means is that second language acquisition is in itself a completely inter-disciplinary field, and by its very nature, it has to be studied and analyzed from a variety of different perspectives.One method of study is to state, at the very outset, what it is not.Therefore, the acquisition system becomes the utterance initiator, and the learning system takes on the important role of 'editor' or 'monitor'.The monitor therefore performs three important functions: planning, editing, and correcting, wherein three specific functions would be met.


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