The Word Bibliography

The Word Bibliography-29
Annotated bibliographies give descriptions about how each source is useful to an author in constructing a paper or argument.

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The word bibliographia (βιβλιογραφία) was used by Greek writers in the first three centuries AD to mean the copying of books by hand.

In the 12th century, the word started being used for "the intellectual activity of composing books".

Bibliographers are interested in comparing versions of texts to each other rather than in interpreting their meaning or assessing their significance.

Bibliography is a specialized aspect of library science (or library and information science, LIS) and documentation science.

A list of the written sources of information on a subject.

Bibliographies generally appear as a list at the end of a book or article.Fundamentally, analytical bibliography is concerned with objective, physical analysis and history of a book while descriptive bibliography employs all data that analytical bibliography furnishes and then codifies it with a view to identifying the ideal copy or form of a book that most nearly represents the printer's initial conception and intention in printing. He describes the nature of bibliography as "the discipline that studies texts as recorded forms, and the processes of their transmission, including their production and reception" (1999 12).In addition to viewing bibliographic study as being composed of four interdependent approaches (enumerative, descriptive, analytical, and textual), Bowers notes two further subcategories of research, namely historical bibliography and aesthetic bibliography. Mc Kenzie extended previous notions of bibliography as set forth by W. This concept broadens the scope of bibliography to include "non-book texts" and an accounting for their material form and structure, as well as textual variations, technical and production processes that bring sociocultural context and effects into play.One noted example would be Tanselle's bibliography that exhaustively enumerates topics and sources related to all forms of bibliography.A more common and particular instance of an enumerative bibliography relates to specific sources used or considered in preparing a scholarly paper or academic term paper. An entry for a book in a bibliography usually contains the following elements: A bibliography may be arranged by author, topic, or some other scheme.Enumerative bibliographies are based on a unifying principle such as creator, subject, date, topic or other characteristic.An entry in an enumerative bibliography provides the core elements of a text resource including a title, the creator(s), publication date and place of publication.Bibliographic works differ in the amount of detail depending on the purpose and can generally be divided into two categories: enumerative bibliography (also called compilative, reference or systematic), which results in an overview of publications in a particular category and analytical or critical bibliography, which studies the production of books.In earlier times, bibliography mostly focused on books.A notable example of a complete, independent publication is Gow's, A. Housman: A Sketch, Together with a List of His Classical Papers (1936).As separate works, they may be in bound volumes such as those shown on the right, or computerized bibliographic databases.


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