Arrange your main points in a logical order and number them (is there one that would seem to go first or one that would seem to go last? For more about essay structure, see The Learning Centre's essay writing guide A plan should include some indication of the sources you might use to RESEARCH the topic.
Make a few notes about how each main point might be developed.
—but starting with an initial plan helps you order your ideas and focus your reading.
Without a sense of which direction to head in, it’s easy to get lost in the research process.
It is best to structure your essay according to key themes.
Themes are illustrated and developed through a number of points (supported by evidence).Now let us look at what constitutes a good essay in psychology. In the main body of the essay every paragraph should demonstrate both knowledge and critical evaluation.There should also be an appropriate balance between these two essay components. Most students make the mistake of writing too much knowledge and not enough evaluation (which is the difficult bit).At this stage it's not crucial to have a robust understanding of key theories or studies, but you should at least have a general 'gist' of the literature. This plan could be in the form of a mind map, a summary table, or by writing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a few sentences).After writing your plan conduct supplementary reading and refine your plan and make it more detailed.Consider and if possible, specify the evidence you might draw on and which texts you might refer to. Before you write your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is asking.For example: As a general rule make sure there is at least one citation (i.e. Don't make the mistake of simply writing everything you know of a particular topic, be selective.name of psychologist and date of publication) in each paragraph. Each paragraph in your essay should contribute to answering the essay question.Choose relevant points only, ones that most reveal the theme or help to make a convincing and interesting argument.Remember that an essay is simply a discussion / argument on paper.